The development of breakthrough technologies into mature industrial applications involves a level of risk and requires at least one additional scale up step. This demonstration stage will take the ULCOS programme into phase II. ULCOS II will explore some of the technologies investigated under ULCOS I as to their potential and feasibility under large scale, industrial production conditions. This will involve considerable additional R&D investment by the ULCOS consortium, the European Commission and other funding partners.

Both the ULCOS Consortium core members and the European Commission have decided to further move forward during the last meeting of the European Steel Technology Platform (ESTEP) and to launch ULCOS II to take over that work as soon as ULCOS I is completed in 2010. ULCOS II is planned to run from 2010 to 2015. The results of ULCOS II can potentially be rolled out into production plants some 15 to 20 years from now.